The Characteristics of the Fully functioning person
Carl Rogers (1902-1987), pioneering the Humanistic school of Psychology, was the founder of Person-Centered Therapy. Carl Rogers’ viewpoint is emphasized through his quote, “The curious paradox is that when I accept myself just as I am, then I can change.” He viewed human beings in a positive light and considered mental illnesses to be mere distortions. He believed that individuals are fully capable of resolving their problems. In his view, people tend to self-actualize to achieve their potential to the fullest.
Characteristics of the Fully-Functioning Person
Fully functioning people are well-adjusted and well-balanced. The fully functioning person has high life satisfaction, increased positive thoughts and feelings, decreased negative thoughts and feelings, low anxiety, and moves toward intrinsic values rather than extrinsic values (Proctor, Tweed & Morris, 2015).
- Openness to experience – An individual willing to experience the real world and all it offers is open to experiences. They can accept reality and one’s feelings which are both positive and negative.
- Creativity – They think differently and out of the box, always looking for new experiences. Fully functioning people are creative in adapting to their circumstances without needing to fit into prescribed norms.
- Existential living – These people are mindful and appreciate the present. They believe in living in the here-and-now.
- Organismic trusting – These people trust their feelings, gut instincts, and ability to do the right thing and make the right choices based on the situation.
- Experiential freedom – They take responsibility for their decisions and make choices without constraints or inhibitions. They don’t feel compelled to behave in a certain way.
- Richer, fulfilled life – An individual who experiences a richer, fuller life experiences intense emotions of love, fear, joy, and sadness. Fully functioning people enjoy a more exciting life and experience emotions deeply.
People can lead towards self-acceptance and self-worth with unconditional positive regard and empathy from significant others. It can help build congruence between their ideal and real self, vital for a fully functioning personality.