“No pain no gain or rather refrain” the Psychology of Pain
Everyone in their lifetime has undergone the experience of pain that evokes a reaction on a physiological, psychological, and social level. Depending on the impact the painful experience has on an individual or community, the change process is established. The major aspect of pain is how an individual or community perceives, understands, and deals with it. There is no doubt in the fact that pain is inevitable and a part of life that is difficult to go through under any circumstances.
Pain is like the gooseberry in some cases, it’s bitter to go through, but the lesson it teaches has its own sweet benefits. When the intensity is severe or frequency is repetitive, pain can break down or create burnout in a person. For example, the state of emotional distress can lead to many psychological and medical complications, diseases, or disorders.
Thus it’s essential to handle the pain with the right skills and professional support if required. Let’s look at the vital element of pain to understand its nature of acting as a “foe or friend” in different circumstances through the lens of a theoretical framework.
Understanding Pain From Experts Opinions
According to Hardy, Wolff, and Goodell:-
The perception of pain and the reaction towards it are the two components of pain. The perception of pain differs from individual or group experiences, belief systems, and understanding. However, the reaction towards pain depends on the biopsychosocial response model based on the stimulus and circumstances responsible for the reaction.
C.A Strong, 1895 proposed that:-
“Pain is a sensation experienced based on both the noxious stimulus and the psychic reactions or displeasure provoked by the sensation.” He elaborated that the sensation of a particular hot element comes first, then comes the pain from touching something hot. Further, he explained that during the evolutionary process, the nervous system and physiology evolved. The basic sensations became projected emotions known as displeasure after the development of the ego.
The Biopsychosocial model:-
Emphasizes that pain is a neurophysiological phenomenon reactive to social and psychological factors. These environmental, societal, and family stimuli influence pain perception that ultimately impacts an individual’s emotions, behaviors, and cognition.