Every day you start your day by making decisions about should I get up or sleep for another 5 minutes, what should I eat for breakfast?, What should I wear? Should I marry him/her? And many more things we do on a daily basis. As said by John Maxwell “Life is a matter of choices, and every choice you make makes you”. Listed below are some thought-provoking aspects that can redesign the way you use the superpower of making decisions or choices. Talk to a mental health professional, Counsellor in order to learn more about this amazing skill tailor-made for your personality and need.
Let’s see the super skill of decision-making through its fabric of the bio-psychosocial model as it illuminates the beauty, complex yet simple, dynamics of it all. Decision-making is a skill that develops with logical, rational, and cognitive functioning which can be understood from the perspective of Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development through each phase of life (Refer to the article on Cognitive development through the lens of Jean Piaget). Intelligence, cognitive abilities, emotions, situation, and socio-environmental factors play the role of a catalyst in every situation we face on a daily basis for decisions we make. Whenever faced with a crossroad or a difficult situation feel free to consult a Counsellor or expert in the matters as at times a small decision can have a life-changing impact and implications.
Here we will share and discuss various approaches to the concept of decision making by various renowned Mental health professionals who did eye-opening studies on the process of decision making.
Herbert Simon 1960 was a pioneer of decision-making approaches that gave the concept of classical decision-making approach. In his book “administrative behavior” he stated that there are three important steps in the decision-making process:-
- Every decision consists of a logical combination of facts and value propositions. A fact is an expression of preferences
- Every decision has the necessity of being rational whereas the term rational is explained in terms of the means-ends construct.
- A decision that involves the choice of a course of action which is satisfactory or at least good enough.
- A decision that is focused on bounded rationality for situations in real life, i.e. rational and maximizing yet bounded.
- Programmed and un-programmed decisions where one is repetitive, routine, and a definite procedure to deal with and the other is a complete opposite.
Gregory Moorhead and Ricky W Griffin 1998 described the concept of rational decision making which focuses on establishing a goal, a problem is identified, alternatives are generated and evaluated, a choice is made, implemented and control is exercised.
Turban et al 1999, Simon 1957, Eisenhardt et al 1992 provided the concept of behavioral and practical decision making, with a focus on the limitations of rationality in decision making yet logical and economic prospects.
Cohon & March 1992, 1977 gave the concept of Personal decision-making approach with a core focus is on the processes individuals use in difficult situations.
Cohen et al. 1971 provided the concept of Garbage can approach of decision making which symbolizes the choice – opportunity/ decision situation
The power of decision-making is one of the vital as sometimes a small decision that you make has life-changing implications. The best part about this skill is that it’s more like a superpower that every individual is gifted with free will to choose about varied aspects of life. Since childhood, we are placed with the dilemma of making choices or decisions from small matters to big matters which builds/molds the way our lives and we are transformed.
The following success stories are thought-provoking to start with:-
- Thomas Edison’s teachers said he was “too stupid to learn anything.” He was fired from his first two jobs for being “non-productive.” As an inventor, Edison made 1,000 unsuccessful attempts at inventing the light bulb but his decision to stay focused on his goal resulted in impossible becoming possible.
- After J.K. Rowling had “failed on an epic scale” and hit rock bottom, she was left with only two choices to make: either continue to hold onto society’s negative beliefs about failure or use failure as a foundation for success. Her decision to not give up made her the role model we all get inspired by from time to time.
- The author of “The Monk Who Sold His Ferrari” Robin Sharma one decision to change his life and made him the world’s premiere speaker on leadership and personal mastery.
Last but not the least we all need support, mentorship, and guidance to reach optimal levels in our lives bringing the option of a trained and certified counselor, Psychologist, expert just a click away.